Iloilo is at the heart of the Philippine archipelago and the gateway to the flourishing region of Western Visayas. It occupies a huge portion of the island of Panay and is surrounded by the provinces of Antique in the west, Capiz in the north, the Jintotolo Channel in the northeast, the Guimaras Strait in the east, and the Iloilo Strait and Panay Gulf in the southwest.


  • Iloilo is accessible because of its geographic centrality and existence of an international airport and seaports.
  • Iloilo flies directly to two major Asian cities, Hong Kong and Singapore, and to key Philippine cities like Manila, Cebu and Davao, Cagayan de Oro, Puerto Princesa and General Santos.
  • Iloilo’s natural harbor presents unique advantage for vessels transporting cargo and passengers.
  • Ferry routes and roll-on roll-off connections on the Philippines’ nautical highway provides reliable means of moving goods and people within the supply chain.
  • Land transportation such as bus, van, and taxi ply routes from Iloilo to major trading areas in Panay and Guimaras.


Western Visayas (Region 6), Philippines, Southeast Asia


5,000.83 km2 OR (1,930.83 sq mi)


Total: 2,384,415 (2015 Census)

Administrative Divisions

Iloilo Province is composed of 1 component city and 42 municipalities. It has 5 congressional districts with 1,721 barangays*. It is food producer and major source of human capital.

7 Districts of Iloilo City

Iloilo City is a highly urbanized city composed of 7 districts with 180 barangays*. It functions as the service center and administrative hub of Western Visayas.

*barangay is the smallest political unit in the Philippines, subdivision of a city or municipality